Feed Nucleotides - An Exclusive Market Insight Report From Ri Technologies

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  • (1888PressRelease) December 07, 2011 - RI Technologies' (www.researchimpact.com) market insight report on Feed Nucleotides gives an insight into global Feed Nucleotides value and volume market. The report also provides market analytics by application, by source and by animal categories. The market is divided by Application into Immune Stimulators, Dietary Supplements and Other; by Source into Yeast/Yeast Extracts, Single Celled Organisms and Other; and by Animal Categories into Swine, Poultry, Aquaculture and Other. The market is also divided by Type into IMP (Inosine Monophosphate), GMP (Guanosine Monophosphate) and Other (AMP+CMP+UMP). The study also provides global market analysis for Feed Additives and Nucleotides, both in value and volume terms. Projections and estimates are also illustrated by geographic regions encompassing the North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World with 161 exclusive graphically represented exhibits.

    Nucleotides are used commercially as feed additives for improving animal growth or as immunity enhancers. Protein rich feeds generally contain Nucleotides, particularly inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP). Feed ingredients containing cellular elements are potential dietary sources of nucleotides (nucleoproteins). Good sources of nucleoproteins include organ meals, poultry and seafood. Ingredients such as Single-cell proteins, bakers and brewers yeast, and yeast extract have high concentrations of nucleotides. Stress and rapid growth are factors for growth in demand for nucleotides and the necessity may be heightend during the immediate postweaning period of livestock species. Nucleotides are mainly utilized for generating new cells, replacing dying cells and also developing immune cells developing sperm cells and maintain the female reproductive system.

    Nucleotides, specifically IMP, are present in highly proteinaceous food. Basically nucleotides are present in the form of nucleoproteins in the cellular elements of either food or feed. Nucleoproteins are rich in organ meats, poultry, and sea food. Yeast protein sources, bakers or brewer's yeast and yeast extract are the main source of high quantity of nucleotides. Nucleotide concentrations are not regularly tested in feeds, but information is available for few. Comparatively low concentration of nucleotides is present in regularly used feed ingredients. Yeast, natural source of nucleotides mainly 5'GMP contains higher concentration of nucleotides. Yeast extract containing 5'GMP was produced in the year 1947 on a commercial scale. 5'GMP and 5'IMP obtained from yeast extract are widely used as a Flavour enhancers. Micro-algae are microscopic algae usually found in marine systems. They are mixed in animal feed. The mixture is fed to cows, fish, pigs and chicken. The green colored algae of the genus Chlorella is fed to oysters in Japan. Fish meal is a high protein supplement produced by either cooking, pressing, drying or grinding of fish or fish wastes. No other substance is added to this fish material. Fishmeal has less than 0.1% nucleotides and only few peptides that are denatured during processing. Legumes such as Black eyed peas, garbanzo beans, white beans, red beans, lentils and split peas are the rich sources of Purines. Fish soluble is a brown, semi-viscous liquid with a fishy pleasant odor. During the processing of fish to recover the oil fraction, a mixture of water and oil is produced. Then this mixture is centrifuged to remove the oil. The water containing fraction is then condensed or dried to produce condensed fish soluble.

    Improvement in the immune system could be effected if animals are fed with food containing 'immunostimulants' or' immunostimulatory' materials and nucleotides and glucans are, perhaps, the most appropriate materials to reinforce their immune mechanism. During stress some of the digestive system cells like the mucus producing goblet cells are not able to meet the increasing need for nucleotides. So in cases like this nucleotide supplements provided in the diet have been found to be very effective. Inosine mono-phosphate or IMP is believed to enhance diet attractability in several fish species. Among these are included largemouth bass, turbot and mackerel. Various studies undertaken on the intestinal tract development after the incorporation of dietary RNA and nucleotides in different species discovered expansion in the length of intestinal villi structures in turn resulting in enlargement of the active surface of the gastrointestinal tract. It also raises the efficiency of the intestinal enzymes present in the exterior part of the cell layer of the villi.

    It is apparent that the primary benefits of nucleotide supplements occur during times of high metabolic demand caused by stress, immune challenges, reproduction, transfer, and rapid physiological development and growth. The challenge is to produce an optimal formula of nucleotides with their derivatives that would provide an efficient dietary pathway to varied beneficial effects across several animal species. An assumption that a diet supplement of nucleotides is always beneficial is wrong. Feed products are said to be effective only if they contain exact, highly concentrated and differentiated formula of nucleotides. Nucleotides are the essential building blocks of DNA and RNA, and hence are required in very large quantities to facilitate the creation of new cells in the body, an endless process.

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