Algeria Oil and Gas Report Q3 2011

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  • Dallas, TX (1888PressRelease) September 13, 2011 - The latest Algeria Oil & Gas Report from BMI forecasts that the country will account for 9.87% of African regional oil demand by 2015, while providing 17.55% of supply. African regional oil use of 3.06mn barrels per day (b/d) in 2001 rose to an estimated 3.63mn b/d in 2010. It should average 3.62mn b/d in 2011 and then rise to around 4.09mn b/d by 2015. Regional oil production was 8.08mn b/d in 2001, and in 2010 averaged an estimated 10.74mn b/d. After dropping to an estimated 9.66mn b/d in 2011 because of the loss of Libyan volumes, it is set to rise to 12.91mn b/d by 2015. Oil exports are growing steadily, because demand growth is lagging behind the pace of supply expansion. In 2001, the region was exporting an average of 6.02mn b/d. This total rose to an estimated 8.15mn b/d in 2010 and is forecast to reach 9.85mn b/d by 2015. Nigeria has the greatest production growth potential, with Angolan exports also set to climb significantly.

    In terms of natural gas, the region in 2010 consumed an estimated 120.6bn cubic metres (bcm), with demand of 162.3bcm forecast for 2015. Production of an estimated 208.7bcm in 2010 should reach 295.2bcm in 2015, which implies net exports rising from an estimated 105bcm to 151bcm in 2015. In 2010, Algeria consumed an estimated 24.45% of the region's gas, with its oil and gas market share forecast at 23.06% by 2015. It contributed an estimated 39.29%to 2010 regional gas production and by 2015 will account for 39.98% of supply.

    The 2010 full-year outturn was US$77.45/bbl for OPEC crude, which delivered an average for North Sea Brent of US$80.34/bbl and for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) of US$79.61/bbl. The BMI price target of US$77 was reached thanks to the early onset of particularly cold weather, which drove up demand for and the price of heating oil during the closing weeks of the year.

    We set our 2011 supply, demand and price forecasts in early January, targeting global oil demand growth of 1.53% and supply growth of 1.91%. With OECD inventories at the top of their five-year average range, we set a price forecast of US$80/bbl average for the OPEC basket in 2011. The unprecedented wave of popular uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) that followed the removal of Tunisian President Ben Ali on January 14 has obviously fundamentally altered our outlook, particularly since the unrest spread to Libya in mid-February.

    Taking into account the risk premium that has been added to crude prices in response to actual and perceived threats to supply, we have now raised our benchmark OPEC basket and Brent price forecasts. We expect Brent crude to average US$106/bbl in 2011, with OPEC basket averaging US$101.90/bbl. Mid-year increases in supply present downside risks to this forecast. In 2012, we expect OPEC basket to average US$95/bbl, with Brent averaging US$97.6/bbl.

    Algeria's real GDP is assumed by BMI to have risen by 2.5% in 2010, with forecast average annual growth in 2010-2015 put at 4.1%. We expect estimated oil demand of 332,000b/d in 2010 to rise by up to 4% per annum to 404,000b/d in 2015. State oil company Sonatrach dominates the industry, operating in partnership with various international oil companies (IOCs), and accounts for 60% of the country's oil output. Thanks largely to IOC investment, combined oil and gas liquids output is forecast to increase from an estimated 2.08mn b/d in 2010 (Energy Information Administration) to 2.27mn b/d in 2015, with exports heading towards 1.86mn b/d. The country's OPEC membership and assigned production quota could frustrate volume growth ambitions. Gas production of 82bcm (EIA) in 2010 should reach 118bcm by 2015. Consumption of 29.5bcm in 2010 (EIA) is expected to rise to 37.4bcm by the end of the forecast period, providing potential exports of 80.6bcm.

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    Between 2010 and 2020 we are forecasting an increase in Algerian oil and gas liquids production of 26.9%, with volumes rising steadily from 2.08mn b/d in 2010 (EIA) to 2.64mn b/d by the end of the 10- year forecast period. Oil consumption between 2010 and 2020 is set to increase by 47.9%, with growth slowing to an assumed 4% per annum towards the end of the period and the country using 491,000b/d by 2020. Gas production is expected to rise to 140bcm by the end of the period. With demand rising by 70.7% between 2010 and 2020, export potential should rise from an estimated 52.5bcm to 91.1bcm, in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and by pipeline. Details of BMI's 10-year forecasts can be found in the appendix to this report.

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