EU Circulates Proposal to Restrict Formaldehyde in Certain Toys

Top Quote The WTO has circulated the EUs proposal to restrict formaldehyde in some types of toy. If adopted, it could come into effect in late 2020. End Quote
  • (1888PressRelease) January 25, 2019 - The European Union (EU) has issued a proposal to restrict the use of formaldehyde in some toy materials. If adopted, the directive will update Appendix C to Annex II of Directive 2009/48/EC, known as the Toy Safety Directive (TSD). This Appendix relates to toys intended for children under 36 months or those that are intended to be placed in the mouth.

    The proposal, circulated by the World Trade Organization attached to document number 18-7997 and notified under G/TBT/N/EU/635, will increase the number of substances included in Appendix C, from ten to eleven. It establishes three levels of formaldehyde restriction and includes material, requirement and method (in brackets). These are:
    Formaldehyde migration polymeric: ≤ 1.5 mg/L (EN 71-10:2005 and EN 71-11:2005)
    Formaldehyde emission resin-bonded wood: ≤ 0.1 mL/m (EN 717-1:2004)
    Formaldehyde content:
    o Textiles: ≤ 30 mg/kg (EN ISO 14184-1:2011)
    o Leather: ≤ 30 mg/kg (EN ISO 17726-1:2008)
    o Paper: ≤ 30 mg/kg (EN 645:1993 and EN 1541:2001)
    o Water-based: ≤ 10 mg/kg (see below)

    Testing water-based toy materials can be done by the EQDM method which is used to determine free formaldehyde in cosmetic products by the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and Healthcare.

    Stakeholders should be aware the WTO document states the draft Directive will be adopted in the second quarter of 2019 and will enter into force eighteen months later (fourth quarter of 2020).

    SGS EU Toy Directive Services
    SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure that products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. They offer training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation check, labelling review, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. They have the worlds largest network of toy experts and testing facilities, including around 20 toy laboratories and three 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands). Learn more about SGSs EU Toy Directive Services. []

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