China's Economy: by Shaw Capital Management Korea

Top Quote China's Economy: by Shaw Capital Management Korea - China will continue fiscal stimulus spending and its current monetary policies this year as the country has, in the opinion of the Chinese Communist Party, not fully recovered from the economic downturn. End Quote
  • (1888PressRelease) November 09, 2010 - The Chinese economy grew 8.7% in 2009, and will expand 8.5% in 2010. The consumer price index rose 1.5% in January from a year earlier, slowing from a 1.9% rise in December.

    According to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, the currentaccount surplus dropped to $284 billion, down by about a third from $426 billion for 2008, which was a record. It is the first decline in the currentaccount balance since 2001.

    Shaw Capital Management Korea - China's exports fell last year as global demand collapsed, but the nation's stimulus plan helped support imports. China now accounts for more than 9% of global exports, a share that has been rising since the outbreak of the financial crisis and the ensuing collapse in global trade. China's government says it isn't banking on an export-driven future and has tried, though so far without much success, to shift the emphasis of the economy to domestic consumption and services.

    According to International Monetary Fund projections, if current trends continue, China's share of world exports will reach 12% by 2014, a higher portion than Japan managed at the peak of its dominance in the 1980s. China's trade deficit with the US totalled $226.83 billion in 2009 - the U.S.'s largest imbalance with any nation. Mr. Obama has promised to the Congress to "get much tougher" with China on trade rules, including currency rates,
    to ensure that U.S. goods are not at a competitive disadvantage.

    Shaw Capital Management Korea - India filed more trade complaints against China than any other nation in 2009, according to figures from China's commerce ministry. "A balance of exports and imports is important," Indian Trade Minister Anand Sharma said in January in Beijing. China's trade surplus with India grew 46% in 2009 to $16 billion, probably aggravated by the weakening of the yuan against the Indian rupee.

    China continues to remain the world's largest foreign holder of the US dollar bonds which stands at US$895 billion. The second biggest holder of the US debt is Japan (US$760 billion).

    Premier Wen will deliver the Government Work Report in the annual session of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's parliament, beginning on March 5. It will spell out Beijing's economic blueprint for 2010 and economic growth targets.

    Shaw Capital Management Korea - This year's theme is balanced economic growth. The focus of new fiscal spending is set to shift away from new infrastructure investment to education, healthcare, and other pro-consumption areas. There may be a push to accelerate urbanisation outside of the large cities and in inland regions. The party will endorse measures to increase wages and income. The government has already raised the minimum wage in cities from Beijing to Guangzhou by 10% or more early this year.

    The Wen cabinet has indicated that old-age benefits for peasants will be tried out this year and will be made available to all by 2015. Monetary policy will focus on bringing down credit growth to a normal rate of around 17%, from last year's excessive 32%.

    Shaw Capital Management Korea - While the 2009 NPC harped on attaining an 8% growth rate, the priority for this year's session is to ensure a more equitable distribution of national
    income. This year's NPC will benefit from the lifting of the global economic gloom that hung over last year's session.

    U.S.-China bilateral relations have grown tense over President Barack Obama's meeting with the Dalai Lama followed by the Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton meeting. The cyber attack on Google Inc. is widely seen as originating in China. Google has not officially declared that the government had any role in it.

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